Course Content
Definition and importance of management Functions of management Managerial roles Evolution of management thought Types of management environment
Meaning and importance of planning Principles of planning Purpose of planning Types of plans Planning tools Process of planning Planning challenges Making plans effective Management by objectives
Meaning and Importance of Organizing Structure and Designs of Organizations Principles of Organizing Process of Organizing Delegation Coordination Centralization and Decentralization Informal Organizations
Meaning and Importance of Staffing Human Resource Planning Recruitment and Selection Training and Development Performance Management Reward Management Separation
Meaning and Importance of Directing Leadership Motivation Communication Group Dynamics Conflict Management
Meaning and Importance of Controlling Elements of Control Characteristics of Effective Controls Control Process Role of Control in an Organization Tools of Controlling
Overview of Strategic Management SWOT Analysis Strategy Formulation Strategy Implementation Strategy Evaluation
Organization Culture Ethics and Social Responsibility Managing Innovation and Change Diversity and Inclusion Corporate Governance Globalization
Principles and Practices of Management
About Lesson

Globalization means integrating economies and societies through cross-country flows of information, ideas, technologies, goods, services, capital, finance, and people. Cross-border integration can have several dimensions-cultural, social, political, and economical.

Globalization, to put it another way, is the free flow of information, technology, and goods between countries and customers. Business, geopolitics, and technology, as well as travel, culture, and the media, all contribute to this openness.

Most individuals don’t observe globalization at work since the world is already so interconnected. However, the world is shrinking, and businesses must grasp what this means for their future operations. Companies that refuse to embrace globalization risk losing a competitive advantage.

Ways of engaging in International Businesses

  • Imports and Exports: Imports are items brought into a country’s markets , whereas exports are goods that sold to other countries. In a nutshell, imports refer to the influx of goods, and exports refer to the outflow of products in whatever form.
  • Licensing: When a business has a standardized product with ownership rights, it can use licensing to distribute and sell it internationally. Patents, copyright, trademarks, and other types of licenses are only a few examples.
  • Franchising: This occurs when a parent company grants another firm the permission to conduct business under the its name, brand, and products. The franchisor is the parent firm, the franchisee is the receiving company.
  • Offshoring and international business outsourcing: Outsourcing is the process of contracting some company processes to multinational companies. Effective when the cost of carrying out  processes in another country is significantly lower than in the home country.
  • Strategic Partnerships and Joint Ventures: A joint venture is a contract between two parties, one of which is an international corporation. The other is based in the area where the business must be done.
  • Companies with a Global Reach: Multinational corporations, as the term implies, operate in numerous nations. They built up the entire company in several countries. Each of these companies operates independently.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): It is a financial investment made by a person/firm in one country into a business interest in another country. The investing corporation typically invests money,  management, technology, and processes with the company in which they have invested.

Advantages of globalization

  • Product Costs are Lower: Companies can develop more cost-effective ways to create their goods due to globalization. It also boosts global competition, which lowers prices and provides customers with a wider range of options.
  • Higher Living Standards Around the World
  • Obtaining New Markets: Globalization benefits businesses in many ways, including new customers and revenue streams.
  • New Talent Availability: Globalization allows organizations to find fresh, specialized expertise that is not available in their present market, in addition to new markets.

Challenges of Globalization

  • International Recruiting
  • Managing Employee Immigration
  • Incurring Tariffs and Export Fees
  • Payroll and Compliance Challenges
  • Loss of Cultural Identity
  • Foreign Worker Exploitation
  • Global Expansion Difficulties
  • Immigration Challenges and Local Job Loss
  • Increased Competition
  • Environmental Concerns
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